Skin lightening treatment is a cosmetic procedure, which aims to enhance the skin tone of a person by brightening and lightening the dark areas of the skin. Skin lightening treatments are generally used for improving the appearance of blemishes, dark patches, and tanning by reducing the production or concentration of melanin on the skin. Melanin is accountable for the skin’s dark shades.
Many people decide to go through this treatment to deal with skin issues like age spots, freckles, moles, scars, birthmarks, acne, etc. To some extent, some people that have darker tone of skin go through this treatment with the desire to have fairer skin. You might want to know what methods are exactly used for skin-lightening treatments by dermatologists. We will talk specifically about these methods in this article.
Dermatologists mostly use chemical peels, skin-lightening products like creams or fading creams, skin-lightening injections, laser treatment, light therapy, etc. to carry out skin-lightening treatments. These methods usually work by interfering with the tyrosinase enzyme that’s influential in the production of melanin in the skin. The melanin level of the skin gets reduced as a result of that. These products also deal with melanocyte cells to stop the overproduction of melanin so that you don’t have to face different hyperpigmentation problems.
Read on to know more about the specific methods of skin lightening treatment. Also to know if these treatments are safe or not, and how long the effects of these treatments usually last.
Treatment Methods for Skin Lightening
When you go for a skin-lightening treatment a dermatologist, will examine the skin issues you are trying to take care of through the treatment. Then they will suggest treatment options based on your preferences and specific needs. Different kinds of treatment methods for skin lightening are available these days. Each of these methods can help you get the optimum results by dealing with your issues. Here are the skin-lightening treatment methods that dermatologists usually go for-
Chemical peels help lighten discolored skin tone by reducing facial blemishes, dark spots, and tan effectively. Your dermatologist will use an acidic solution that consists of alpha-hydroxy acids to exfoliate the damaged top layers of your skin. It will help you get rid of the build-up of melanin in your skin. It will also help healthy tissues to emerge on the upper layer of your skin. Trichloroacetic acid, salicylic acid, glycolic acid, etc. are also used in chemical peels.
Apart from skin-lightening treatments, these chemical peels are also used for healing scars caused by wounds. They help minimize different complications of the skin and reduce issues like age spots, dark spots, wrinkles, and discoloration.
Light Therapy Treatment
Light therapy is one of the most effective forms of therapy. It comes with numerous benefits, which include several skin-related benefits too. Light therapy helps deal with quite a number of skin issues like dark spots, wrinkles, dry skin fine lines, acne scars, stretch marks, sun damage, hyperpigmentation, age spots, freckles, texture Problems, redness due to rosacea, and many more. So, you can see that dermatologist can easily go for light therapy to conduct a skin-lightening treatment on you.
Different types of light are used in light therapy, such as red, blue, amber, etc. But mostly red light is used to deal with skin-related issues, as when a strong red light is emitted on the skin it works like sunlight. The light penetrates the skin easily and works on a cellular level to generate necessary hormones and chemical reactions that will help you deal with the issue you are facing. Red light can effectively reduce the levels of melanin in the body, and minimize its buildup. It can also help with the skin-lightening treatment you are going through.
Skin Lightening Products
You can find different skin-lightening products easily in the market these days. You can go for different creams or serums that will help lighten your skin and deal with issues like blemishes, dark spots, freckles, aging spots, and even stretch marks too. These chemical-based skin-lightening creams or serums usually contain specific ingredients such as glycolic acid, azelaic acid, lactic acid, retinol, hydroquinone, kojic acid, and arbutin. Apart from lightening your skin, these products can also help with promoting your skin’s collagen production, smoothing, and repairing the skin.
These products don’t offer proper long-term solutions in terms of skin lightening. Make sure to abide by the prescription of your dermatologist before using these products, as all of these products might not be friendly for your skin. If any specific product is hazardous for your skin, it can cause long-term side effects on your skin.
Dermatologists often use skin-lightening injections for conducting skin-lightening treatments. These injections can detoxify your body, protect your skin from dangerous UV rays, and enhance the tone of your skin. They contain a powerful antioxidant called glutathione that is produced by our body to minimize the production of tyrosinase enzymes. This enzyme is accountable for increasing the level of melatonin in the skin. Taking a glutathione injection is safe if it’s given as a shot under the supervision of a dermatologist. Make sure to discuss your need for the injection with your dermatologist beforehand. Also, make sure to discuss the after-effects of taking this treatment.
Skin lightening treatment through the use of lasers is also known as laser peel or lasabrasion. This treatment effectively helps to reduce various skin issues like skin pigmentation, sun tanning, dark spots, and dull skin. Your dermatologist will use a concentrated beam of laser or light to perform the laser treatment. This laser will break down the melanin of your skin, and minimize its build-up in the targeted area. Skin lightening treatment through laser is safe for use on both the face and different body parts.
There are also other types of treatment methods like micro-needling, mesotherapy, and hyaluronic acid injections that dermatologists can use for skin-lightening treatments.
Duration of the Effects of Skin Lightening Treatments
The effects of skin-lightening treatments aren’t everlasting. Instead, the results of these treatments can last between six months to several years. Bleaching agents, chemical peels, etc. can help lighten your skin, but won’t offer an enduring solution. On the other hand, treatment methods like light therapy treatment and laser treatment provide a more enduring result regarding skin lightening.
Here are some suggestions that dermatologists provide for sustaining the effects of skin-lightening treatments-
- Maintaining a balanced diet, and a healthy lifestyle
- Increasing the intake of water
- Following proper oral antioxidant and skin-care supplements
- Applying sunscreen for getting maximum protection for your skin from the UV rays
- Visiting your dermatologist regularly for maintenance sessions
Are Skin Lightening Treatments Safe?
Treatment methods like light therapy, laser treatment, injections, and chemical peels are considered to be safe, as they decrease the production of melanin in your skin. But skin-lightening products that contain bleach or hydroquinone should be under the strict supervision of your dermatologist. Also, it’s best if you can avoid using these specific products altogether, as a high dose of hydroquinone can lead to cancer. Also, the total application of hydroquinone-based products contains risks of serious health hazards. Many bleaching products include chemicals that are detrimental to health, such as mercury. These chemicals can get absorbed by the skin and might accumulate in body organs.
The bottom line is that be cautious about using any type of skin-lightening product. Make sure beforehand that they are safe for your health, and have no side effects. Also, always make sure to consult your dermatologist before choosing any sort of treatment method. Always try to choose skin-lightening treatment methods or products that go well with your skin, and contain natural, gentle ingredients to lighten the skin effectively.
It might be your desire to have healthy, clear, and glowing skin, and also an even skin tone. The path to having flawless skin isn’t easy, but you can try and have it by going through specific treatments. If you consult your dermatologist, they might suggest one of the many options of skin-lightening treatments that can help you with that. Make sure to choose a treatment option among these that won’t only help you with your goal, but will also be safe for your skin.